What to Do If You Have Cyanide in Your Industrial Wastewater
Cyanide can be found in industrial wastewater streams generated by the production of a broad range of goods and materials, including refined metals and alloys, leather, paints, pigments, wood preservatives, electronics, and chemicals, among others. Given that cyanide is both highly toxic and highly regulated, however, you may be wondering what to do if you … » Read More
What Is Cyanide and How Does It Impact Your Industrial Process?
Contrary to what most people think when they hear the word “cyanide,” the term doesn’t just point to a single substance, but instead represents a number of compounds that share in one key detail: they all include a cyano group somewhere in their chemical structure. This cyano group, which consists of a carbon-nitrogen anion, imparts … » Read More
Which Technologies Are the Best for Removing Sulfates from Industrial Process and Wastewater?
As water flows naturally underground, it picks up some of the minerals it dissolves from the surrounding soil and rocks. These minerals typically include sulfates, which are present in almost every type of water found in nature, including groundwater, oceanwater, and rainwater, and even crude oil and brines. They are also present in many industrial … » Read More
Acceptable Lead Levels in Wastewater and the Need for Removal
Lead (Pb) is a heavy metal that is well-known for its high toxicity and the hazards it presents to human, plant, and animal life. Given the risks posed by lead entering waterways and drinking water supplies, discharge of lead-contaminated wastewater streams is heavily regulated across most regions of the world. In this article, we’ll take a … » Read More
How to Remove Lead from Your Industrial Water and Wastewater
Lead (Pb) is perhaps one of the most well-known and closely monitored contaminants found in drinking water, but it is also an area of concern for industrial facilities. These facilities typically pursue lead-removal technologies in order to comply with regulatory wastewater contaminant limitations, though many of the same technologies can be used to help meet … » Read More
Do You Need to Remove Chromium from Your Industrial Water or Wastewater?
Chromium (Cr) is a heavy metal that is used extensively within the mining and metals, leather tanning, paint and pigments, electronics, and chemical industries, among others, and it can exist in various forms and compounds—some of which are toxic to plant and animal life. As such, it is sometimes necessary for industrial facilities to invest … » Read More
Which Technologies Are the Best at Removing Chromium from Industrial Water and Wastewater?
Chromium (Cr) is a chemical element that is used in the production of a broad range of goods and materials, including refined metals and alloys, leathers, paints, pigments, wood preservatives, electronics, and chemicals. Because of its anticorrosive properties, it’s also the main additive in stainless steel. Wastewater resulting from these and other industrial activities can … » Read More
Ion Exchange vs. Membrane Filtration for Removing Silica from Industrial Process Water: Which Is Better?
As an industrial facility draws in water for its processes, a host of undesirable contaminants that need to be removed will come in along with it. One of the most difficult-to-treat contaminants is also one of the most abundant: silica. Removing silica, which is the dioxide of silicon (SiO2), can be difficult; is found in … » Read More
Do You Need to Remove Copper From Your Wastewater?
Copper can show up in waste streams generated by nearly any industry, including the mining and metals, electronics, power, construction, and pulp and paper industries, among others. While copper is fairly innocuous at very low levels, high quantities such as that found in some industrial wastewater streams can pose a hazard to human health and … » Read More
What’s the Best Way to Remove Copper from Industrial Wastewater?
Copper (Cu) is a heavy metal that is mined for and used in a variety of industrial processes, including metals plating and printing as well as the manufacturing of electronic components, circuit boards, paints, pigments, paper, pulp, and fertilizer. Like other heavy metals, copper is a valuable yet potentially hazardous material that when present in … » Read More
Best Industrial Water Treatment System Companies for Removing Silica
It’s important to know which industrial water treatment companies are ideal for removing silica since silica removal can be a challenge for a number of reasons—ranging from common applications, such as preventing scale in boilers, cooling towers, or other equipment, to more specialized applications, such as treating water for painting, coating, and car wash applications … » Read More
Five Ways Your Industrial Facility Can Reduce Wastewater Discharge Volume
As populations rise and continue to tax waterways alongside the effects of climate change, increasing water-access fees and ever-tightening effluent regulations can all seem to create a losing battle for industrial facilities that are looking to keep ahead of the water-shortage curve. If your facility, however, does a little preparation now in order to reduce … » Read More
What are the Best Ways Manufacturing Facilities in the Chemical Industry Can Reduce Water Usage?
If your chemical manufacturing facility needs better water-saving solutions for its business, you might be wondering, What are the best ways manufacturing facilities in the chemical industry can reduce water usage? Here, we’ll examine some of the methods you’ll need to consider as a water-tight industrial future ushers in stronger regulations and steeper water-usage fees, … » Read More
Reducing and Reusing Water in the Steel Manufacturing Industry
Steelmaking on an industrial scale dates back well over 100 years. Throughout its history, the steel industry has generated products that not only meet a variety of consumer needs but also play a critical role in manufacturing, construction, and transportation industries, among others. Whether produced from iron ore or recycled from scrap, steel production is … » Read More
How to Reduce Water Usage in the Pulp and Paper Industry
Without water—and lots of it—manufacturing pulp and paper would be all but impossible. Water usage in the pulp and paper industry is needed in almost every part of the process, whether the facility is digesting wood chips, making fiber slurries, or washing the machinery and rollers. Despite there being great progress over the years, increasing … » Read More
DOWEX UPCORE™ vs. ADVANCED AMBERPACK™: What’s the Difference?
If you’ve been investigating process water treatment and separation solutions, chances are that you may have run across DOWEX UPCORE™ and ADVANCED AMBERPACK™. Indeed, these technologies are used across a number of industries, and remain popular solutions for various ion exchange applications. In this article, we’ll discuss the similarities and differences between DOWEX UPCORE™ vs. … » Read More
What Is AMBERPACK™ Ion Exchange and How Does It Work?
For industrial facilities looking to boost the efficiency of its source water treatment, AMBERPACK™ ion exchange might be the compact solution you’re looking for. With efficient water treatment capabilities and a small footprint, these systems are some of the best ion exchange technologies on the market. But while you’re exploring the different ion exchange systems … » Read More
DOWEX UPCORE™ Ion Exchange: Design Considerations for Optimal Performance
For most facilities, DOWEX UPCORE™ technology offers a variety of benefits over other ion exchange technologies, such as greater flexibility in capacity, less chemical and water consumption, and reduced maintenance. UPCORE™ is in many ways a superior ion exchange technology for process water treatment, however, as with any ion exchange system, improper system design, use, … » Read More
What Is DOWEX UPCORE™ Ion Exchange and How Does It Work?
As your facility navigates the various available process water treatment options, perhaps you’ve heard of ion exchange—or, even more specifically, DOWEX UPCORE™—throughout your pure-water solution research. Especially useful for industrial facilities that power their process with steam, these water filtration technologies can increase the efficiency of your process while increasing water demineralization capabilities, essentially providing higher … » Read More
Common Problems Removing Silica from Industrial Water and How to Avoid Them
Silica removal and reduction technologies are an important component of many raw water treatment and process water treatment trains. No matter what technology is used, it can pay to look out for some common problems removing silica from industrial water and how to avoid them. In this article, we’ll look at how issues such as silica fouling, … » Read More
Do Industrial Facilities Need to Remove Silica from Feed Water and Effluent?
Among all the contaminants that can pose operational challenges to your industrial facility, silica, in its many forms, can be one of the most difficult to remove, especially if that silica is colloidal (meaning the silica particles are so small that they can be widely dispersed). Since silica is commonly found in industrial source water, … » Read More
How Do You Remove Silica from Industrial Water and Wastewater?
Silica is among the most common substances encountered on Earth, so it is no surprise that it is almost always present in source water, process water, and wastewater streams. For industrial facilities, proper management of silica levels is important to ensuring optimal function and performance life for equipment. But how do you remove silica from … » Read More
What Are TDS Limitations for Ion Exchange Resins and Do They Matter?
Ion exchange (IX) systems are an economical means of treating liquid waste and process streams across a range of industries. Although IX can be an excellent choice for many water softening, purification, and separation applications, its performance can be less than ideal when used to treat streams with high total dissolved solids (TDS) content. Whether … » Read More
What Is a Biological Sewage Treatment System and How Does It Work?
While most sewage is treated by local municipalities, it is done so in various ways. In the United States, these local municipal facilities must follow both federal and local regulations in terms of the purity requirements for the treated effluent, and although they are treating roughly the same types of human waste, their methods for … » Read More
Biological vs. Chemical Wastewater Treatment in the Food and Beverage Industry: Which Is Better for Your Facility?
Biological vs. chemical wastewater treatment: are both used in the food and beverage industry? And if so, how are you supposed to know which is best your facility’s wastewater treatment needs? In the article below, we’ll explore the different ways these two technologies are used, and discuss how, in certain instances, you might need one, … » Read More
Common Problems with Biological Wastewater Treatment Systems in the Food and Beverage Industry and How to Avoid Them
Biological wastewater treatment systems offer an economical means for removal of organic constituents, making them a popular choice within the food and beverage industry. Still, some aspects of food and beverage production present challenges for biological treatment, which can lead to unpredictability, inefficiency, and even damage to wastewater treatment systems if left unresolved. So, “what … » Read More
Troubleshooting Biofiltration Wastewater Treatment Systems: What Your Industrial Facility Should Know
Biofiltration wastewater treatment systems can be efficient and economical technologies for breaking down and removing organic contaminants from wastes such as those produced in the food and beverage, chemical manufacturing, oil and gas, and municipal industries. These systems use bacteria and their naturally feeding and decay cycles occurring to break down and consume unwanted contaminants. Mostly used … » Read More
What Are Biofiltration Vapor Treatment Systems and How Do They Work?
If your industrial or municipal facility generates volatile, odorous vapor waste, biological treatment might be an appropriate choice for your facility. These systems can be efficient and economical technologies for breaking down and removing organic contaminants from contaminated vapor such as those produced in the food and beverage, chemical manufacturing, oil and gas, and municipal industries. But “what is a … » Read More
What Is a Biological Wastewater Treatment System and How Does It Work in the Food and Beverage Industry?
Dealing as it does with products ultimately destined for human consumption, it’s tempting to assume that the food and beverage industry has little need for biological wastewater treatment compared to other industries. Still, food and beverage waste streams frequently contain excess biological material that can pose risks to the environment and to publicly owned treatment … » Read More
What Is a Biofiltration Wastewater Treatment System and How Does It Work?
If your industrial or municipal facility generates organic-laden wastes, biological wastewater treatment might be an appropriate choice for your facility. These systems can be efficient and economical technologies for breaking down and removing organic contaminants from wastes such as those produced in the food and beverage, chemical manufacturing, oil and gas, and municipal industries. But “what … » Read More
Common Problems with Anaerobic Wastewater Treatment Systems and How to Avoid Them
There are several different types of anaerobic wastewater treatment technologies, but some commonly used include lagoons; anaerobic digestors like UASBs (upflow anaerobic sludge blankets) and EGSBs (expanded granular sludge beds); and packed bed anaerobic filters. They tend to exhibit the same common anaerobic bacteria-managing issues. Below, we break down what these issues are including ways … » Read More
What Are Aerobic Wastewater Treatment Systems and How Do They Work?
Typically used as a secondary wastewater treatment method after the initial larger contaminants have been settled and/or filtered out, biological wastewater treatment systems can be efficient and economical technologies for breaking down and removing organic contaminants from heavily organic-laden wastes, such as those produced in the food and beverage, chemical manufacturing, oil and gas, and … » Read More
How Much Do Anaerobic Wastewater Treatment Systems Cost?
Anaerobic wastewater treatment is a type of biological treatment that is typically used for treating waste streams with high concentrations of organic contaminants. If you are exploring wastewater treatment options for your facility, you may be wondering “how much do anaerobic wastewater treatment systems cost?” The short answer is that the cost of anaerobic treatment … » Read More
Common Problems with Aerobic Wastewater Treatment Systems and How to Avoid Them
When engineering, designing, installing, and running an aerobic wastewater treatment system for your industrial facility, issues most commonly arise during the engineer/design and operational phases. We break down some of the more frequently occurring mishaps during these two parts of the process below. BOD- and COD-overloaded system The problem When aerobic wastewater treatment systems are designed, … » Read More
What Is Anaerobic Wastewater Treatment and How Does It Work?
Anaerobic wastewater treatment has a well-deserved reputation for efficient, low-odor treatment of streams with high concentrations of organic contaminants. If you’re investigating biological treatment processes, you’ve no doubt asked questions like “What is anaerobic wastewater treatment?” and “How does anaerobic wastewater treatment work?” This article will provide an approachable introduction to anaerobic treatment, and help … » Read More
Common Problems with Biological Wastewater Treatment Systems and How to Avoid Them
Biological wastewater treatment systems can be a big investment for your facility. When implemented correctly, these systems will provide your process with a long list of benefits, but there can be some challenges with purchasing these systems, too. If your facility is considering biological wastewater treatment, you might be wondering if there are common problems … » Read More
How Much Do Aerobic Wastewater Treatment Systems Cost?
Aerobic wastewater treatment is a type of biological treatment that can be efficiently leveraged for a variety of organics removal applications. If you are exploring biological treatment options for your facility, you may be wondering “how much do aerobic wastewater treatment systems cost?” Since aerobic wastewater treatment systems come in a variety of forms, cost … » Read More
Anaerobic vs. Aerobic Wastewater Treatment Systems: What’s the Difference?
Anaerobic and aerobic systems are two types of biological wastewater treatment. While they are similar in many ways, they also differ substantially, inviting questions like “Are both anaerobic and aerobic systems used in wastewater treatment?” and “What is the difference?” Indeed, anaerobic and aerobic wastewater treatment technologies can be used independently or in combination with … » Read More
What Are the Best Biological Wastewater Treatment Equipment Supply and Technology Companies?
Biological wastewater treatment systems can be efficient and economical technologies for breaking down and removing organic contaminants from heavily organic-laden wastes, such as those produced in the food and beverage and municipal industries. Since this type of treatment can be made up of an extremely complex set of technologies that use natural processes to break … » Read More
How Much Do Biological Wastewater Treatment Systems Cost?
Biological wastewater treatment systems are commonly deployed for industrial streams with high concentrations of organic contaminants, such as waste streams produced by food, beverage, chemical manufacturing, refining and petrochemical, mining and leachates, textile and industrial laundering, and municipal waste treatment industries. Biological wastewater treatment can be an efficient and cost-effective choice over surcharge payments to … » Read More
Biological vs. Chemical Wastewater Treatment Which Is Better for Your Industrial Facility?
When comparing biological and chemical wastewater treatment strategies, how do you know which technologies will best suit your facility’s treatment needs? Fundamentally, biological treatment uses living bacteria to do the bulk of the purification while chemical treatment uses chemical reactants to accomplish the work, and at first glance, the comparisons seem straightforward—but what contaminants do … » Read More
What Is a Biological Wastewater Treatment System and How Does It Work?
For an industrial company producing waste as part of its process, some type of wastewater treatment system is usually necessary to ensure safety precautions and discharge regulations are met. The most appropriate wastewater treatment system will help a facility avoid harming the environment, human health, and a facility’s process or products (especially if the wastewater is being reused). … » Read More
How Can You Reduce Water Used in Electrical Generation?
Electrical generation plants are among the heaviest water users industrially, second only to agriculture. As public concern for water scarcity continues to grow, power plants can expect to see new regulations targeting their use of water, as well as increasing costs for sourcing and discharging water. To stay viable in the long term, electrical generation … » Read More
Why Your Industrial Facility Should Plan for Water Shortages Sooner Rather Than Later
If you’re up to speed on water treatment industry news, you likely already know water shortages are increasingly the topic of conversation. According to the world water development report released by the United Nations in 2018,“more than 2 billion people lack access to safe drinking water and . . . with a rapidly growing global … » Read More
How Much Does It Cost to Properly Maintain Membrane Filtration Systems vs. Treat Fouled Membranes?
When it comes to membrane filtration systems, particularly with microfiltration (MF), ultrafiltration (UF), reverse osmosis (RO), and nanofiltration (NF), fouling can decrease production levels, increase energy consumption, and damage equipment, which can all add unnecessary expenses to your facility’s bottom line. Even the slightest change to operating procedures, stream composition, pH, and temperature, among other factors, … » Read More
Industry and Water Shortages: Is Your Facility Ready?
As water accessibility continues to shift and industry water shortages increase, most industrial facilities will need to adapt in some way. Water-intensive industries, in particular—such as the agriculture, food and beverage, and energy industries—will need to be the most resourceful, but the likelihood continues to increase that any industry could be affected. In areas where … » Read More
What Are the Best Companies for Cleaning Fouled Membranes?
When it comes to membrane filtration and fouling—specifically for microfiltration (MF), ultrafiltration (UF), reverse osmosis (RO), and nanofiltration (NF)—diagnosing system performance issues can be complicated. Even the slightest change to operating procedures, stream composition, pH, temperature, etc., can alter the corrective measures needed to keep membranes working properly. But it’s also important to stay ahead of fouling … » Read More
Five Ways Your Industrial Facility Can Conserve Water and Plan Ahead for Shortages
Environmental and water scarcity issues are expected to impact industrial facilities increasingly in the coming years, driving up both sourcing and discharge costs. To conserve water and prepare for these future challenges, many industrial facilities are beginning to look at water conservation strategies. In this post, we’ll explore “Five Ways Your Industrial Facility Can Conserve … » Read More
Can Your Facility Save Money by Reducing Its Water Consumption?
Historically, water has been widely available for industrial use at a low cost. But that’s changing. As global demand increases, so, too, has the looming issue of water scarcity. Whether spurred by rising costs, consumer demand for environmental responsibility, or by increasingly restrictive water use limits and regulations, many industrial facilities are beginning to adopt … » Read More
Signs Your Membranes Are Fouling and How to Clean Them
When it comes to membrane filtration and fouling—specifically for microfiltration (MF), ultrafiltration (UF), reverse osmosis (RO), and nanofiltration (NF)—diagnosing system performance issues can be complicated. Even the slightest change to operating procedures, stream composition, pH, temperature, etc., can alter the corrective measures needed to keep membranes working properly. But it’s also important to stay ahead of … » Read More
How Can You Reduce Membrane Fouling In Your Water Treatment System?
Membrane fouling is the most common issue affecting pressure-driven membrane filtration systems, including microfiltration (MF), ultrafiltration (UF), reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF) units alike. While it is not always possible to prevent membrane fouling altogether, there are usually ways to minimize its impact. In this post we’ll answer the question “how can you reduce … » Read More
What Are the Different Types of Membrane Fouling and What Causes Them?
Among the most common problems impacting microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF) or nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) is the issue of membrane fouling. Addressing difficulties with fouling starts with addressing the question “what are the different types of membrane fouling and what causes them?” Understanding how and why membrane fouling occurs is key to … » Read More
How Much Does It Cost to Extract Lithium from Geothermal Brine or Crushed Ore?
Extracting lithium from geothermal brines and crushed ore requires a complex family of technologies and systems. If your facility has been exploring new ways to extract this valuable metal, you’re probably wondering, “How much does it cost to extract lithium from geothermal brine and crushed ore?” Estimating the cost of a lithium separation and polishing system is … » Read More
What Is Membrane Fouling and How Can You Avoid It?
Membrane filtration systems are used for a variety of applications across many industries and verticals. If you’re considering a membrane filtration system for your own facility, you may be asking “What is membrane fouling and how can it be avoided?” While membrane filter units tend to require relatively little maintenance compared to other treatment and … » Read More
Best Companies for Extracting Lithium from Geothermal Brine and Other Produced Water Streams
Methods for extracting and processing lithium can depend heavily upon the source, as lithium exists in different concentrations and states alongside other valuable metals and minerals, which will vary depending on where the lithium is found. If you are considering the various options for removing and concentrating lithium at your facility, you’ll likely want to know, what … » Read More
Is It Possible to Extract Lithium from Seawater?
An essential component of lightweight batteries, pharmaceuticals, and other products, lithium is a valuable material that is projected to see increasing demand in the coming years. Yet existing lithium recovery processes can take years to discover and build facilities to recover and can’t be quickly scaled to meet rapid rises in market demand. There are … » Read More
What Is the Best Way for Recovering Lithium from Geothermal Brine?
Geothermal brines, the naturally heated fluids found within the earth’s crust, have been utilized for thousands of years. Ancient civilizations used them for bathing and heating small rooms, and today they heat entire homes, pools, and greenhouses; are used agriculturally; and even produce electricity. As technologies advance and more is learned about the potential value … » Read More
How Do You Enhance Lithium Concentration and Recovery from Brine Streams?
As cell phone and electric car markets grow, and they are expected to grow substantially, so will the demand for lithium, a highly reactive alkali metal that offers excellent heat and electrical conductivity. This metal is also used to manufacture glass, high-temperature lubricants, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals. However, because of its high reactivity, pure elemental … » Read More
What Is Lithium Extraction and How Does It Work?
The world’s demand for lithium extraction is growing every day and is especially driven by an increased lithium use in new consumer electronic battery technologies and electric cars. While you’ve likely heard of lithium batteries, you might still want to know where all that lithium comes from and how it’s produced. If so, you … » Read More
How Is Brine Mining Used for Lithium Recovery?
Brine mining is by far the most common method of lithium recovery used today. But what is it, and how is brine mining used for lithium recovery? In this article, we’ll look at how and why brine mining relates to lithium production and explore how the principles of brine mining are leveraged to develop new … » Read More
How Much Does It Cost to Treat Brine for Reuse and/or Disposal?
When it comes to managing wastes and byproducts of industry, brines can be some of the most challenging and costly to handle. Certain brine treatment methods, such as desalination or zero liquid discharge (ZLD), generate a smaller volume of brine waste with even higher concentrations of salts and solids, and discharging brine without a permit or … » Read More
In What Ways Can a Facility Reuse Brine Waste?
While used in a number of industrial processes, brines can be difficult to treat and discharge once they’ve reached the end of their useable life. If your plant is looking for more economical ways to manage brine waste, you might be wondering “How can a facility reuse brine waste?” Today there are more instances than … » Read More
What Technologies Usually Make up a Brine Water Treatment System
Although brines are sometimes used in manufacturing (for example, during chlor-alkali processes that uses the electrolysis of sodium chloride to create chlorine and sodium hydroxide), they are also created as an industrial byproduct or waste that can be challenging to treat and dispose of (such as flowback water from fracking natural gas wells). Filtering and … » Read More
How Much Does a Water Demineralization System Cost for Your Plant?
If you’re exploring options for industrial demineralization, you might be asking “How much does a water demineralization system cost for your plant?” The following article offers a simple explanation of what’s included in an average demineralization system, what those systems typically cost, and the factors that drive these costs up and down, focusing on ion … » Read More
What Are the Best Brine Waste Treatment System Equipment and Supply Companies?
Brine waste treatment is a form of wastewater treatment designed to reduce the volume of spent brine prior to discharge, and/or to recover valuable resources such as water, salts, and metals from the stream. Brine waste treatment systems can also reduce energy and chemical consumption and overall footprint when employed as part of a larger … » Read More
Is It Necessary to Treat Brine Waste Before Discharging or Disposal?
Brine waste treatment is becoming increasingly common, not only as a means of achieving compliance with rigorous discharge regulations, but also for the cost benefits that waste minimization strategies can provide. But “is it necessary to treat brine waste before discharge or disposal?” In many cases, treating brine effluent is necessary, though the reasons for … » Read More
What Is Brine Waste, and How Can It Be Treated for Reuse or Disposal?
If you’re new to handling brine waste and are looking for more information about properly treating it for recycling or discharging, you might be wondering “what is brine waste, and how can it be treated or disposed of?” This article provides a general overview of what brine waste is, how it occurs or is made, … » Read More
What Is the Best Way to Demineralize Industrial Process Water?
Demineralization, or the removal of virtually all ionic mineral contaminants from water, is crucial for producing water of sufficient purity for a variety of industrial applications. Demineralized process water is used to ensure the quality and consistency of various products, as well as to ensure consistent and predictable function of sensitive equipment. While it’s … » Read More
What Are the Properties of Demineralized Water and How Can It Benefit Your Plant?
Demineralization, the process of removing nearly all dissolved salt and mineral ions from water, can prove ideal for facilities requiring ultrapure water for a variety of applications. If you have an overall understanding of demineralization but still have questions regarding the possible advantages of using it at your facility, you might be wondering “what … » Read More
What Are the Best Demineralization System Equipment and Supply Companies?
Ion exchange and resin technologies are used widely for demineralization and deionization applications. If you are considering ion exchange (IX) technology to meet demineralization needs at your facility, an important question to consider is “What Are the Best Demineralization System Equipment and Supply Companies?” At SAMCO, we are confident that our custom-engineered ion exchange solutions are … » Read More